AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN JAPAN – JICA
Relationship Brazil & Japan
Inspite of the geographical distance, the friendship between Brazil and Japan are traditionally strong. The story intertwines the two countries from 1908 with the arrival of the Japanese ship Kasato-maru, bringing to Brazil the first immigrants. Currently, Brazil attracts attention in Japan, not only for being one of the most outstanding countries in Latin America, but also for housing the largest population of Japanese descendants outside of their country.
The Role of JICA
The relationship of technical cooperation between Brazil and Japan began in 1959 and are regulated by the Basic Agreement of Technical Cooperation Brazil-Japan, treaty signed in August of 1971.
In 1976, two years after its founding, JICA started its activities in Brazil, working initially as an attached office of the Embassy of Japan. Today JICA has two offices in the country: one in a Brasilia, responsible for issues of technical and financial cooperation, and another in Sao Paulo, in charge of activities related to the Nikkei community.
Since the beginning of the activities of JICA, the support provided by Japan to Brazil took great historical importance for the bonds of friendship between the two countries. To the present date, the cumulative amount of funds sent to Brazil for technical cooperation exceeds 1.2 billion of dollars (about 2.0 billion of reais). This puts Brazil in the 6th position among the largest recipients of Japanese assistance through technical cooperation among all countries in the world - and the largest outside the Asian continent. The financial assistance from Japan to Brazil nowadays exceeds $ 3 billion (about 4.8 billion of reais).
The most remarkable period of this cooperation occurred in the 80 and 90 (twentieth century). This was an intense period of support, in which several projects were implemented and a channel for technology transfer has established itself, characterized by a large influx of Japanese experts sent to Brazil and Brazilian scholars sent to Japan
On October 1st of 2008 the New JICA was born, which became responsible for implementing, in a unified manner, the three forms of assistance previously provided by separate agencies, namely, technical cooperation, ODA loan and Financial Cooperation Non Refundable. Thus, this synergy made possible the: 1) Agility in providing assistance (Speed-Up) 2) Magnification of the effects of the assistance (Scale-Up), and 3) Broadcast / Expansion of the effects of the assistance (Spread-out), enabling a high level of international cooperation and better suited to the needs of developing countries.
JICA's activities in countries where it acts are based on program of priorities jointly defined through bilateral consultations.
JICA places Brazil as partner in solving global issues and carries not only cooperation to contribute to the solution of internal problems in Brazil, but also of global dimensions.
The priority areas of cooperation with Brazil are: Environment (Measures against Climate Change / Environment Urban Planning), Social Development (Reducing Inequalities) and Promotion of Triangular Cooperation.
As Brazil is a country that is actively contributing to global environmental issue and one of the major global economic powers, JICA highlighted the environmental issues as the most important challenge of this partnership. In this sense, has been working on strengthening of measures against climate change through ecosystem conservation / sustainable use of natural resources (preservation of the Amazon rainforest, improvement of water resources use, etc.) and confronting the growing problems of urban environment such as air pollution caused by traffic congestion or water pollution.
In the social development area, JICA caries out cooperation for the reduction of social inequality, aiming the building of socio-economic infrastructure in the north, northeast and midwest regions, farm assistance and irrigation in the cerrado and caatinga (semi-arid), and development of basic infrastructure in urban areas (health, sanitation, safety, transportation, etc.).
In 2000 the two governments signed an agreement called "Partnership Program Brazil-Japan (JBPP)" to further promote the tripartite cooperation, by which they exploit the resources and know-how of Brazil and Japan to assist a third developing country.
As partners on issues of global scale, Brazil and Japan have been promoting cooperation in areas such as agriculture, health, environment and training, focused on meeting the demands of countries in Central and South America, the Portuguese-speaking African countries and more recently in southeast Asian countries and African countries beyond the CPLP.
The partnership between JICA, the Brazilian Cooperation Agency (ABC - Ministry of Foreign Affairs) and Brazilian institutions - recipients of Japanese technical cooperation in the past - is responsible so far by 10 "Joint Projects" for beneficiary countries in the areas of Health, Agriculture, Environment, training, besides that, more than 40 training courses third countries (TCTP) were performed, reaching more than 20 countries. The courses currently offered can be found in the following section of the site;
Course Schedule and Application.